U.S. EPA Contaminated Site Cleanup Information (CLU-IN)


U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
U.S. EPA Technology Innovation and Field Services Division

Other Remediation Resources

Technologies

Remediation

About Remediation Technologies

Air Sparging | Bioreactor Landfills | Bioremediation | Electrokinetics | Fractured Rock | Evapotranspiration Covers | Environmental Fracturing | Ground-Water Circulating Wells | In Situ Chemical Reduction | In Situ Flushing | In Situ Oxidation | Multi-Phase Extraction | Nanotechnology: Applications for Environmental Remediation | Natural Attenuation | Optimizing Site Cleanups | Permeable Reactive Barriers | Phytotechnologies | Sediments | Soil Vapor Extraction | Soil Washing | Solidification | Solvent Extraction | Thermal Treatment: Ex Situ | Thermal Treatment: In Situ |

Selected Sites Using or Testing Nanoparticles for Remediation

This table contains data for sites using or testing nanoparticles for remediation. Because many of the remediation projects using nanoparticles are just beginning or are ongoing, there are limited cost and performance data at this point. The table will be updated periodically as new information is received.

Innovative Remediation Technologies: Field-Scale Demonstration Projects in North America, 2nd Edition, Year 2000 Report

A revision and expansion of the EPA publication Completed North American Innovative Technology Demonstration Projects, the project information in the new document is now available in an online, searchable database of ongoing and completed field demonstrations of innovative remediation technologies sponsored by government agencies working in partnership with private technology developers to bring new technologies into the hazardous waste remediation marketplace.

Note: This database only contains projects through June 2000. Current demonstration project information is available within the separate Remediation Technology Demonstration Project Profiles database.

Nanotechnology Project Profiles

EPA has developed this web site to summarize information about selected full-, field- and pilot scale applications of nanotechnology. Nanotechnology is an emerging technology that is generally defined as the ability to create and use materials, devices and systems with unique properties with a size of approximately 1 to 100 nanometers (nm). Applications of nanotechnology in environmental protection draw on nanomaterialsí unique properties and include (1) sensors for improved monitoring and detection capabilities, and (2) treatment and remediation techniques for cost-effective and rapid site cleanup. Projects for this Web Site are collected using information from technical journals and conference proceedings, as well as information obtained from technology vendors and site managers. The project profiles contain information on the types of contaminants treated, the type of nanomaterial used, the nanomaterial vendor, the length of operations, project scale and status, location, cost, monitoring and performance results, and points of contact and references.

Ecological Revitalization Project Profiles

EPA has developed this Web site to summarize timely information about the use of ecological revitalization at contaminated properties. Ecological revitalization refers to the process of returning land from a contaminated state to one that supports a functioning and sustainable habitat. Although the final decision on how a property is reused is inherently a local decision that often rests with the property owner, EPA actively supports and encourages ecological revitalization, when appropriate, during and after the assessment and cleanup of contaminated properties under its cleanup programs. This Web site contains information about completed and on-going projects where ecological revitalization was involved in solutions to various environmental concerns. These profiles provide information on site history, contaminants of concern and the ecological revitalization approach taken at each site. Technical considerations, long-term stewardship and operation and maintenance requirements are also included in each profile.

Phytotechnology Project Profiles

EPA has developed this Web site to summarize timely information about selected full-, field- and large greenhouse-scale applications of phytotechnology. Phytotechnology is an emerging technology that uses various types of plants to degrade, extract, contain, or immobilize contaminants in soil and water. Projects for this Web site are collected using information from technical journals, conference proceedings as well as information obtained from technology vendors and site managers. The project profiles contain information about relevant site background, the types of contaminants treated, type of vegetation used, phytotechnology mechanisms, planting date, project size, location, cost, monitoring and performance results, as well as points of contact and references. This Web site can be used as a networking tool (each profile has a contact) to provide past solutions and lessons learned to new sites with similar contaminants and climate.

In Situ Flushing Site Profiles

EPA has developed this Web site to summarize timely information about selected full- and field-scale applications of in situ flushing technologies. In situ flushing is the injection or infiltration of an aqueous solution into a zone of contaminated soil or groundwater, followed by the extraction and aboveground treatment of the elutriate (flushing solution mixed with contaminants). In some rare cases, the flushing solution and treated contaminants may be left in place. These flushing solutions typically serve to increase the mobility and/or solubility of the contaminants. Many organic contaminants are susceptible to in situ flushing, including non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPLs), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), semivolatile organic compounds (SVOCs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), halogenated pesticides, dioxins/furans, cyanides and corrosives. Inorganic compounds such as volatile and nonvolatile metals, corrosives, cyanides, and radioactive contaminants may potentially be removed using in situ flushing. This database provides information about ongoing and completed applications of in situ flushing technologies. The project profiles provide summary information about each application, including relevant site information, contaminants and media treated, technology design and operation, cost information, and performance results, as well as point(s) of contact and references.

Remediation Technology Demonstration Project Profiles

EPA has developed this web site to summarize timely information about selected field-scale demonstration projects. Projects address soil and groundwater cleanup technologies, completed and on going, which have been performed in the U.S. or Canada. This database includes projects that have been presented at a recent technical conference (such as conferences sponsored by Battelle or the National Ground Water Association) or published in a technical journal. The database does not include projects that involve only site characterization technologies or computer modeling. EPA plans to update and expand this web site with additional demonstration projects, and with updated information about specific projects, as further information is obtained.

Newsletters on Innovative Treatment Technologies

Technology News and Trends is a newsletter for environmental professionals that features a combination of articles on innovative, in-situ technologies for the characterization and treatment of soil, sediment, and ground water.Technology News and Trends is published bi-monthly.

TechDirect is an information service that highlights new publications and events of interest to site remediation and site assessment professionals. At the beginning of every month, the service, via e-mail, will distribute a message describing the availability of publications and events. For publications, the message will explain how to obtain a hard copy or how to download an electronic version.


The Technology Innovation News Survey contains market/commercialization information; reports on demonstrations, feasibility studies and research; and other news relevant to the hazardous waste community interested in technology development. This report is updated each month.


Federal Business Opportunities (FedBizOpps) contains summaries of procurement and contract award notices issued the previous week that pertain to hazardous waste, solid waste, underground storage tank remediation, and other environmental topics. However, it does not necessarily contain EVERY notice on these topics. Federal Business Opportunities (FedBizOpps) is published weekly.

Fractured Bedrock Project Profiles

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Technology Innovation and Field Services Division is assembling information on efforts to identify and remediate contaminated fractured rock sites. Our goal is to establish a series brief site profiles that will identify the nature and extent of the contamination problems at such sites, geology affecting site assessment and remediation efforts, characterization and remediation actions taken or planned, and compile site contact information to open communication between individuals currently involved in using these technologies.

The Remediation Technologies Screening Matrix

The remediation technologies screening matrix is a user-friendly tool to screen for technologies for a remediation project. The matrix allows you to screen through 64 in situ and ex situ technologies for either soil or groundwater remediation. Variables used in screening include contaminants, development status, overall cost, and cleanup time. In-depth information on each technology is also available, including direct links to over 209 cost and performance reports written by members of the Federal Remediation Technologies Roundtable.

Superfund Cleanup Technologies

The Superfund Remedy Report (SRR), Fourteenth Edition, was published by the EPA Office of Superfund Remediation and Technology Innovation (OSRTI) in November 2013. The SRR 14th Edition summarizes remedy decisions back to 1982 with a focus on the analysis of Superfund remedial actions selected from fiscal years (FY) 2009 to 2011. The report includes remedies selected in 459 decision documents (Records of Decision [RODs], ROD amendments, and Explanations of Significant Differences with changes to remedy components) signed in this three-year period. The SRR compiles data on overall remedy selection and remedies for source materials (such as soil and sediments), groundwater, surface water and air related to vapor intrusion. This edition of the report, for the first time, presents a detailed look at sediment remedies and an analysis of vapor intrusion remedies. The report also analyzes media and contaminants for sites under investigation with planned RODs. The online version includes downloadable appendices that summarize all the remedy components selected for sources and groundwater in each individual decision document.

Chemical Oxidation Site Profiles

Information about completed and ongoing applications of in situ chemical oxidation technologies to treat chlorinated solvents, petroleum products, and pesticide compounds in groundwater and soil are captured in this web site. The information is provided in project profiles that summarize relevant site information, contaminants and media, technology design and operation, and cost and performance results, as well as point(s) of contact and references.

Alternative Landfill Cover Project Profiles

Information about proposed, tested, or installed projects of alternative landfill covers are captured in this web site. The alternative landfill covers presented involve design concepts that manipulate water balance principles to minimize the infiltration of water to the waste. Two types of alternative landfill covers primarily included in this web site are evapotranspiration (ET) covers and capillary barrier covers. The information for these projects is provided as cover profiles that summarize relevant site background; cover design information; monitoring and performance results; costs; as well as points of contact and references. Most of the cover projects are demonstrations; however, several are full-scale applications.

Citizen's Guides to Cleanup Technologies

The Citizen's Guide series is a set of 22 fact sheets that summarize cleanup methods used at Superfund and other sites. The series was originally released ten years ago and was updated in 2012 to include information about new technologies and techniques. Each fact sheet is two pages long and answers six questions about the cleanup method: 1) What is it? 2) How does it work? 3) How long will it take? 4) Is it safe? 5) How might it affect me? and 6) Why use it? Spanish translations of these guides will be available in 2013. Until then, the Spanish versions of the 2001 guides are still available.
  • Activated Carbon Treatment
  • Air Stripping
  • Bioremediation
  • Capping
  • Ecological Revitalization
  • Evapotranspiration Covers
  • Excavation of Contaminated Soil
  • Fracturing for Site Cleanup
  • Greener Cleanups
  • in Situ Chemical Oxidation
  • in Situ Chemical Reduction
  • in Situ Thermal Treatment
  • Incineration
  • Monitored Natural Attenuation
  • Permeable Reactive Barriers
  • Phytoremediation
  • Pump and Treat
  • Soil Vapor Extraction and Air Sparging
  • Solidification and Stabilization
  • Thermal Desorption
  • Vapor Intrusion Mitigation
  • Vertical Engineered Barriers

MTBE Treatment Profiles

The MTBE Treatment Profiles provide information about completed and ongoing applications of treatment for methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) in drinking water and media at contaminated sites by describing sites using in situ and ex situ technologies to treat MTBE in drinking water, groundwater, and soil. While the focus of the profiles is on sites with treatment of MTBE, some of these sites also were contaminated with benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (BTEX), other oxygenates such as tert-butyl alcohol (TBA), or other compounds such as chlorinated solvents or polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. The MTBE treatment profiles provide a summary of relevant site information, contaminants and media, technology design and operation, and cost and performance results, as well as a point of contact and references. The technologies (both in situ and ex situ) presented in the profiles include: air sparging, bioremediation, drinking water treatment, chemical oxidation, multi-phase extraction, phytoremediation, product recovery, pump-and-treat, and soil vapor extraction.

In Situ Thermal Treatment Site Profile Database

The In Situ Thermal Treatment Site Profile Database provides information on in situ thermal treatment projects available on the Internet or through the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Technology Focus

If you need information on a specific technology there is a tool on CLU-IN to shorten your research time. Through the Technology Focus section, CLU-IN provides a compilation of the most relevant information sources on remediation technologies. These resources are presented under 5 categories for each technology such as Technology Description, Applications, Engineering/Regulatory Guidance, Training and References, with a summary and direct link to each one of them. Technologies included range from the established (SVE) to innovative (Phytoremediation).

Federal Remediation Technologies Roundtable Case Studies

The Federal Remediation Technologies Roundtable is at the forefront of the Federal Government's efforts to promote interagency cooperation to advance the use of innovative remediation technologies. The Cost and Performance Reports provide the recommended procedures for documenting results from completed full-scale hazardous waste site remediation projects. Roundtable member Agencies include the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD), and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and the U.S. Deparment of the Interior (DOI).

U.S. Army Environmental Center (USAEC)

The USAEC Technology link provides access to descriptions of innovative technology demonstrations conducted at numerous Army installations.

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Selecting an Innovative Cleanup Technology

EPA's Environmental Technology Verification (ETV) Program, Materials Management and Remediation (MMR) Center

The EPA ETV program seeks to provide credible information about the performance of environmental technologies from disinterested third parties under the auspices of EPA. The Materials Management and Remediation Center, established in 2008, is operated in cooperation with Battelle. This center verifies the performance of materials management technologies, including for recycling, beneficial use of waste materials, recovery of useful components of waste, and treatment to minimize disposal requirements (e.g., containment, volume, cost); and technologies to remediate contaminated land and ground water, such as that found at Superfund sites and other properties where industrial or commercial activities have resulted in a legacy of hazardous constituents that limit future use of the property.

Green Remediation

EPA's Office of Superfund Remediation and Technology Innovation has developed a Green Remediation web site. The site explains the basic principles and objectives of green remediation, and outlines best practices for reducing the environmental footprint of contaminated site cleanup projects. Over coming months, the site will expand to describe more details on green remediation best practices, and serve as a clearinghouse for technical materials, decision-making tools, site-specific case studies illustrating green remediation implementation efforts, and information on green remediation related events and new information products.

The Remediation Technologies Screening Matrix

The remediation technologies screening matrix is a user-friendly tool to screen for technologies for a remediation project. The matrix allows you to screen through 64 in situ and ex situ technologies for either soil or groundwater remediation. Variables used in screening include contaminants, development status, overall cost, and cleanup time. In-depth information on each technology is also available, including direct links to over 209 cost and performance reports written by members of the Federal Remediation Technologies Roundtable.

Federal Remediation Technologies Roundtable Decision Support Tools (DSTs) Matrix

DSTs are interactive software tools used by decision-makers to help answer questions, solve problems, and support or refute conclusions. They can be incorporated into a structured decision-making process for environment site clean-up. DSTs often support multiple functions, such as data acquisition, spatial data management, modeling, and cost estimating. The Federal Remediation Technologies Roundtable matrix is a table that provides general information about each DST, such as the types of files that may be imported to, or exported from, the DST, the characteristics of applicable sites (contaminants and media) and the functions it performs. All DSTs that were evaluated are free to the public.

Superfund Analytical Services/Contract Laboratory Program (CLP) Tools

The Analytical Services Branch provides several tools to assist Contract Laboratory Program (CLP) clients, laboratories, and samplers. These tools were designed to use the Internet to facilitate many of the essential functions of the CLP. They incorporate Web technologies such as Lotus Notes/Domino, Cold Fusion, and Extensible Markup Language (XML).

EPA Brownfields and Land Revitalization Technology Support Center

Coordinated through EPA's Technology Innovation and Field Services Division, the Brownfields and Land Revitalization Technology Support Center ensures that Brownfields decision makers are aware of the full range of technologies available to make informed or "smart" technology decisions for their sites. The Brownfields Center provides a readily accessible resource for unbiased assessments and supporting information on options relevant to specific sites. The Center also provides a technology-oriented review process for investigation and clean-up plans for these sites. The project also provides information about other available support activities, such as those conducted by the Technical Assistance to Brownfields (TAB) Program located at the five regional Hazardous Substance Research Centers. Direct support is available to EPA regional staff, state staff, and local governments.

For more information, please contact Carlos Pachon, Technology Integration and Information Branch, (703) 603-9904, pachon.carlos@epa.gov.

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