For more information on Natural Attenuation, please contact:Kathleen Yager
Technology Integration and Information Branch
PH: (617) 918-8362 | Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Application of Monitored Natural Attenuation and Risk-Based Corrective Action at a Chlorinated-Hydrocarbon Contaminated Site for Risk Management
Dai W.C., T.T. Tsai, C.M. Kao, Y.M. Chang, and H.C. His.
Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment 16(3):87-97(2012)
This paper presents a case study of the feasibility of MNA for risk reduction of TCE and 1,1-DCE at a spill site. The objectives were to (1) evaluate the possible exposure routes and human health risks from the contaminated groundwater using tiered risk assessment approach; (2) apply the BIOCHLOR model to assess the effectiveness of natural attenuation for the contaminant plume; (3) apply probability and Monte Carlo analyses to develop more practical remediation goals; and (4) develop a realistic streamlined process and risk-based decision-making strategies for site management.
Delineation and Characterization of the Borden MTBE Plume: An Evaluation of Eight Years of Natural Attenuation Processes
1998. American Petroleum Institute (API). Publication no. 4668.
Evaluation of the Protocol for the Natural Attenuation of Chlorinated Solvents: Case Study the Twin Cities Army Ammunition Plant
2001. Wilson, John T. (U.S. EPA, Subsurface Protection and Remediation Div., Ada, OK); Don H. Kampbell; Mark Ferrey (Site Remediation Section, Minnesota Pollution Control Agency, St. Paul); Paul Estuesta. Report No: EPA 600-R-01-025, 49 pp.
Expedited Approach to a Carbon Tetrachloride Spill Interim Remedial Action
1998. C. Cowdery; A. Primrose; J. Uhland; N. Castaneda. RFP-5191, NTIS: DE98003480, 8 pp.
Monitored natural attenuation was selected as an interim measure for a carbon tetrachloride spill a Rocky Flats site where source removal or in situ treatment could not be implemented due to the surrounding infrastructure.
Monitored Natural Attenuation (MNA) of Contaminated Soils: State of the Art in Europe — A Critical Evaluation
Declercq, I., V. Cappuyns, and Y. Duclos.
Science of the Total Environment 426:393-405(2012)
This paper presents a snapshot of the state of the art for MNA implementation in six European countries, including a comparison between countries, an overview of some existing MNA cases, and relevant aspects related to return on experience. Although MNA is currently being applied in most of the study countries, some (e.g., Finland) still do not recognize it as an official remediation technique. This study also illustrates the differences in MNA approach that exist between countries, as well as the differences in application levels.
Monitored Natural Attenuation of Perchlorate in Groundwater: ESTCP Cost and Performance Report
ESTCP, Project ER-200428, 51 pp, 2010
To test the processes and methods needed to obtain lines of evidence to support MNA as a remedy for perchlorate-contaminated groundwater, this project applied the tiered approach developed and described in the 2008 perchlorate MNA protocol to two field demonstration sites in Maryland, the first the Naval Surface Warfare Center, Indian Head, and the second at a manufacturing facility in Elkton where perchlorate commingled with TCE. Indian Head Site Demonstration; Elkton Site Demonstration
NATO/CCMS Pilot Study for the Evaluation of Demonstrated and Emerging Technologies for the Treatment and Clean Up of Contaminated Land and Groundwater (Phase III) 1999 Special Session: Monitored Natural Attenuation
EPA 542-R-99-008, 1999
This publication represents the proceedings of the Monitored Natural Attention Session in May 1999. This session was chaired by Fran Kremer, Ph.D. of the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency and Anja Sinke, Ph.D. from the Dutch TNO Institute of Environmental Science. It was presented the second meeting of the Phase III Pilot Study.
Natural Attenuation of Chlorinated Solvents: Performance and Cost Results From Multiple Air Force Demonstration Sites. Technology Demonstration Technical Summary Report
1999. Air Force Center for Environmental Excellence Technology Transfer Division, 101 pp.
Natural Attenuation of Chlorinated Volatile Organic Compounds in a Freshwater Tidal Wetland, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland
1997. M.M. Lorah; L.D. Olsen; B.L. Smith; M.A. Johnson; W.B. Fleck, USGS. Publication WRI 97-4171, 108 pp.
Natural Attenuation of Fuel Hydrocarbons: Performance and Cost Results From Multiple Air Force Demonstration Sites. Technology Demonstration Technical Summary Report
1999. Air Force Center for Environmental Excellence Technology Transfer Division, 67 pp.
Natural Attenuation of Trichloroethene the St. Joseph, Michigan, Superfund Site [video]
EPA 600-V-95-001, 1995
Request Video from SRIC (580-436-8651).
Six separate reports concerning the use of MNA in Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden are included in the proceedings. A summary report inventories the significant differences observed among the countries in MNA definitions and implementation.
Pump and Treat and In Situ Bioremediation of Contaminated Groundwater the French Ltd. Superfund Site, Crosby, Texas: Cost and Performance Report
1998. Federal Remediation Technologies Roundtable. 16 pp.
This report describes a natural attenuation field study conducted jointly by the U. S. EPA Region 5, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WDNR), the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency (IEPA), and Amoco Corporation (Amoco) since October 1994. To obtain the appendices to this report, please contact email@example.com.
Site-Specific Work Plan [Monitored Natural Attenuation]: Brown & Bryant Superfund Site, 600 South Derby Street, Arvin, California
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), 68 pp, 2012
This plan describes the actual performance of the natural attenuation remedy. It is expected that by using a predictive model, the rate of attenuation of the contaminants of concern (1,2-dichloropropane, 1,3-dichloropropane, 1,2,3-trichloropropane, chloroform, Dinoseb, 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane, and ethylene dibromide) can be described, thus providing a measure to gauge progress. If monitoring data indicate that the contaminant levels do not continue to decline in accordance with expectation as defined by this model, USACE and EPA will reconsider the remedy decision.
Technical Protocol for Implementing Intrinsic Remediation with Long-Term Monitoring for Natural Attenuation of Fuel Contamination Dissolved in Groundwater, Vol. II
1999. T. Wiedemeier; J.T. Wilson; D.H. Kampbell; R.N. Miller; J.E. Hansen, Air Force Center for Environmental Excellence (AFCEE) Technology Transfer Division, Brooks AFB, San Antonio, TX. Volume 2, ADA324247, 343 pp.
Volume II presents the results of intrinsic remediation demonstrations Hill AFB, Utah, and Patrick AFB, Florida. Engineering evaluation/cost analyses (EE/CAs) were conducted to evaluate the use of intrinsic remediation (natural attenuation) with long-term monitoring (LTM) for remediation of BTEX contamination dissolved in ground water.