Fred Payne, Ph.D., is Vice President and Director, In Situ Remediation Services, at ARCADIS; his office is located in Novi, Michigan. He has worked for ARCADIS since 1999 and is responsible for the technical performance of soil and groundwater remedies at ARCADIS sites in the United States. He has more than 28 years environmental industry experience, encompassing a broad range of natural resource, wastewater, stormwater and hazardous waste management. Fred is a leader in the design and development of in situ reactive zone technologies for aquifer restoration. In 2005, he coauthored the book In Situ Remediation Engineering with Suthan S. Suthersan and he is the lead author for the book Remediation Hydraulics (2008). He is the inventor of six patented technologies used in the treatment of contaminated soils and groundwater that have been applied with great success at several hundred sites in the United States, Japan, and Europe. He is presently developing enhanced soil and groundwater remedial systems employing chemical oxidation and reduction, as well as biological methods for in-situ destruction of contaminants, with a focus on treatment of difficult compounds such as 1,4-dioxane, nitrosodimethylamine and hydrophobic organic compounds such as hexachlorobenzene and polychlorinated biphenyls. He is a member of the ITRC Bioremediation of DNAPLs team. Fred earned a bachelor's degree in biology/botany from Michigan State University ( East Lansing, Michigan) in 1973, and master's and doctoral degrees in limnology from Michigan State University in 1977 and 1982, respectively.