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THERMAL TREATMENT OF HYDROCARBON-IMPACTED SOILS: A REVIEW OF TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION FOR SUSTAINABLE REMEDIATION
Vidonish, J.E., K. Zygourakis, C.A. Masiello, G. Sabadell, and P.J.J. Alvarez.
Engineering 2(4):426-437(2016)

The authors review several common thermal treatment technologies for hydrocarbon-contaminated soils, assess their potential environmental impacts, and propose frameworks for sustainable and low-impact deployment based on a holistic consideration of energy and water requirements, ecosystem ecology, and soil science. The review covers thermal desorption in situ and ex situ, smoldering, incineration, pyrolysis, vitrification, radio-frequency heating/microwave heating, hot air injection, and steam injection. Selecting an appropriate thermal treatment depends on the contamination scenario (including the type of hydrocarbons present) and on site-specific considerations such as soil properties, water availability, and the heat sensitivity of contaminated soils. This paper is Open Access at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2095809917300796.



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