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INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY'S DEFENSE ENVIRONMENTAL CLEANUP PROGRAM
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.
The National Academies Press, Washington, DC. ISBN: 13: 978-0-309-48775-7, 122 pp, 2019

This report identifies seven technology areas and alternative approaches that have the potential to substantially reduce long-term cleanup costs; accelerate cleanup schedules; mitigate uncertainties, vulnerabilities, or risks; or otherwise significantly improve DOE's Defense Environmental Cleanup Program for former nuclear weapons sites. The committee's recommendations address the following areas:
  1. Waste chemistry at bulk and interfacial scales to facilitate treatment and disposal.
  2. Nuclear properties of waste to facilitate treatment and disposal.
  3. Human involvement in cleanup activities to increase cleanup efficiencies and reduce worker risks.
  4. Interrogation approaches to characterize wastes and monitor cleanup remedies and environmental impacts.
  5. Modeling and visualization approaches to manage large cleanup-related data sets and improve predictive capabilities.
  6. Disposal pathways to increase waste disposition options.
  7. Decision-making approaches to improve the quality and durability of cleanup decisions.
https://www.nap.edu/catalog/25338/independent-assessment-of-science-and-technology-for-the-department-of-energys-defense-environmental-cleanup-program



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