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Superfund Remedy Report, Sixteenth Edition Published 2020
EPA prepares the Superfund Remedy Report to provide information and analyses on remedies EPA selected to address contamination at Superfund National Priorities List and Superfund Alternative Approach sites. This report is the latest in a series, prepared since 1991, on Superfund remedy selection. The latest edition focuses on the analysis of Superfund remedial actions selected in fiscal years 2015, 2016 and 2017.

The data that forms the basis of the analyses contained in SRR 16th Edition can be found at Superfund Data and Reports by downloading Contaminant of Concern Data for Decision Documents by Media, FY 1982-2017 and Remedy Component Data for Decision Documents by Media, FY 1982-2017.

Alternative Treatment Technologies to Open Burning and Open Detonation of Energetic Hazardous Wastes Published 2019
The EPA developed and issued this report in response to inquiries that EPA has received regarding whether there are alternative treatment technologies available to use in place of open burning and open detonation (OB/OD) of energetic hazardous waste, also commonly referred to as waste explosives. This report communicates the current state of alternative technologies that may be applicable for energetic hazardous waste including: munitions and explosives; consumer and commercial fireworks; marine, roadside, and signal flares; auto air bag explosives; and hobby rocket propellants. Specifically, it identifies and describes alternative technologies that have been developed and their status, the types of waste munitions or energetics a technology can treat, and where deployments have occurred. Thus, it provides the formative steps for evaluating the efficacy and the pros and cons of the technologies for particular applications.

Climate Resilience Technical Fact Sheet: Groundwater Remediation Systems Published
The U.S. EPA updated a series of fact sheets designed to help site cleanup managers and other stakeholders identify, prioritize and implement site-specific measures for increasing remedy resilience to climate change and extreme weather events. This fact sheet addresses remedies for groundwater remediation.

Climate Resilience Technical Fact Sheet: Contaminated Waste Containment Systems Published
The U.S. EPA updated a series of fact sheets designed to help site cleanup managers and other stakeholders identify, prioritize and implement site-specific measures for increasing remedy resilience to climate change and extreme weather events. This fact sheet addresses remedies involving source containment systems.

Climate Resilience Technical Fact Sheet: Contaminated Sediment Sites Published 2019
The U.S. EPA updated a series of fact sheets designed to help site cleanup managers and other stakeholders identify, prioritize and implement site-specific measures for increasing remedy resilience to climate change and extreme weather events. This fact sheet addresses remedies for contaminated sediment.

Green Remediation Best Management Practices: Excavation and Surface Restoration Published 2019
Excavation of soil, sediment or waste material is often undertaken at contaminated sites to address immediate risk to human health or the environment; prepare for implementation of remediation technologies and construction of supporting infrastructure; and address contaminant hot spots in soil or sediment. The excavation and subsequent backfilling processes rely on use of heavy earth-moving machinery and often involve managing large volumes of material. Many opportunities exist to reduce the environmental footprint of the various cleanup activities and improve ultimate restoration of the disturbed land, surface water and ecosystems. This fact sheet outlines specific best management practices (BMPs) that can be used to minimize the environmental footprint concerning emission of air pollutants and use of water, energy, and other resources at excavation sites. The refined set of BMPs is based on recent experiences reported by regulators, property owners, cleanup service contractors and other stakeholders in the cleanup community.

Green Remediation Best Management Practices: Sites with Leaking Underground Storage Tank Systems Published 2019
The U.S. EPA estimates that approximately 65,450 releases of petroleum or hazardous substances from federally regulated underground storage tanks (USTs) had not yet reached the "cleanup completed" milestone as of September 2018. The Association of State and Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials (ASTSWMO) estimates that in 2017, alone, state cleanup funds collectively spent approximately $1.113 billion in cleaning up UST releases. Use of green remediation best management practices (BMPs) can help minimize the environmental footprint of cleanup activities at UST-contaminated sites and improve overall outcomes of the corrective actions. In accordance with the EPA Principles for Greener Cleanups, BMPs outlined in the updated "Green Remediation Best Management Practices: Sites with Leaking Underground Storage Tanks" fact sheet are intended to complement federal requirements for corrective actions at UST-contaminated sites and may enhance state-administered UST program requirements.

Understanding Ecosystem Services at Superfund Cleanups Published 2018
This document was prepared by Jewel Lipps, an Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) research participant working with staff of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Superfund Remediation and Technology Innovation. The purpose of this report is to help representatives of the Superfund program understand ecosystem services (ES) and their relevance to greener cleanups at contaminated sites. The discussion focuses on the use of ES evaluations to support greener cleanups and related environmental footprint analyses. It describes ES evaluation tools, as well as greener cleanups best management practices to minimize impacts of site cleanup on ES and to support land reuse.

Strategic Sampling Approaches Technical Guide Published 2018
EPA has issued three technical guides to assist environmental professionals in scoping, data management and strategic sampling activities at hazardous waste sites. EPA intends for the guides to strengthen Superfund site characterization activities to facilitate stronger site remedy decisions and improved remedy performance, among other objectives. The purpose of this technical guide is to assist environmental professionals in identifying where strategic sampling approaches may benefit data collection activities at their project or site and what sampling approach may be most effective given site conditions. Two additional companion technical guides should be used in conjunction with this strategic sampling approaches technical guide: Smart Scoping for Environmental Investigations and Best Practices for Data Management.

Smart Scoping for Environmental Investigations Technical Guide Published 2018
EPA has issued three technical guides to assist environmental professionals in scoping, data management and strategic sampling activities at hazardous waste sites. EPA intends for the guides to strengthen Superfund site characterization activities to facilitate stronger site remedy decisions and improved remedy performance, among other objectives. This technical guide describes the use of "smart scoping" practices during any phase of a Superfund remedial investigation's project life cycle or in accordance with other similar federal, state or tribal regulatory authorities. Use of these practices can support the development of a robust conceptual site model (CSM), which, in turn, helps improve response action development, selection and implementation. Two additional companion technical guides should be used in conjunction with this smart scoping technical guide: Strategic Sampling Approaches and Best Practices for Data Management.

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