U.S. EPA Contaminated Site Cleanup Information (CLU-IN)

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
U.S. EPA Technology Innovation and Field Services Division

For more information on Soil Vapor Extraction Optimization, please contact:

Jim Cummings
Technology Assessment Branch

PH: (703) 603-7197 | Email:

Soil Vapor Extraction


Soil vapor extraction (SVE) is used to remediate unsaturated (vadose) zone soil. A vacuum is applied to the soil to induce the controlled flow of air and remove volatile and some semivolatile organic contaminants from the soil. SVE usually is performed in situ; however, in some cases, it can be used as an ex situ technology.

4.8 Soil Vapor Extraction (In Situ Soil Remediation Technology)
In Remediation Technologies Screening Matrix and Reference Guide, Version 3.0. Federal Remediation Technologies Roundtable.

Adobe PDF LogoA Citizen's Guide to Soil Vapor Extraction and Air Sparging
EPA 542-F-12-018, 2012

The Citizen's Guide series summarize cleanup methods used at Superfund and other sites. Each two-page fact sheet answers six questions about the cleanup method: 1) What is it? 2) How does it work? 3) How long will it take? 4) Is it safe? 5) How might it affect me? and 6) Why use it?

Passive Soil Vapor Extraction
1997. A.J. Rohay; R.J. Cameron; B.B. Teters; J. Rossabi; B. Riha; W. Downs BHI--01089, NTIS: DE98051208, 20 pp.

Available through the DOE Information Bridge.