U.S. EPA Contaminated Site Cleanup Information (CLU-IN)

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Torero, J.L., J.I. Gerhard, L.L. Kinsman, and L. Yerman.
Underground Coal Gasification and Combustion. Elsevier, NY, ISBN: 978-0-08-100313-8. 601-625(2017)

Combustion of an organic phase contained within a porous medium involves an exothermic reaction, during which heat is transmitted from the burning to the pore space and the solid matrix. Contaminant destruction in such applications is largely dominated by smoldering (as opposed to flaming) combustion. The results described in this paper indicate that smoldering remediation is viable across a considerable range of porous media types and subsurface conditions. See additional information on the smoldering technology in a paper at https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.est.5b03177.

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