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Horst, J., C. Flanders, M. Klemmer, D.S. Randhawa, and D. Rosso.
Groundwater Monitoring & Remediation 38(3):18-27(2018)

Increases in temperature—even those at <70°C—can affect organic contaminant properties in ways that enhance their physical removal from the subsurface. The infrastructure requirements to achieve lower-temperature goals can be far simpler than a conventional thermal application while still relying on the fundamentals of heat transfer. This paper explores how temperature increase affects certain chemical properties and degradation potential and then discusses different techniques used to support low-temperature remediation enhancement, including a detailed review of a solar heat transfer approach and example field application to illustrate the technique's potential.

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