U.S. EPA Contaminated Site Cleanup Information (CLU-IN)

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
U.S. EPA Technology Innovation and Field Services Division

For questions & comments about technology developer tools & resources, please contact:

Carlos Pachon
Technology Integration and Information Branch

PH: (703) 603-9904 | Email: pachon.carlos@epa.gov

Permitting & Regulatory Assistance


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Prior to deploying a new technology, a vendor generally will need to acquire the concurrence of regulators, property owners, and other stakeholders that the technology is appropriate for its intended use. Achieving concurrence typically involves, among other things, working with all interested parties and providing enough information on the performance and cost of the technology to allow them to evaluate its effectiveness and safety. The performance will generally be evaluated according to its capability to meet the requirements specified in applicable permits or regulations. For example, a state or federal regulation may specify allowable residual contamination levels for groundwater or soil, or require restrictions on the use of the site. A Resource Conservation and Recovery Act permit for a facility may specify cleanup levels for a corrective action. A state may require a permit for injection wells incidental to aquifer remediation or experimental technologies. In some cases, a permit may be required for tests of technologies, and in others exclusions to permit requirements may be obtained for purposes of testing.

The regulations that apply to any given application may be under one or more of a number of federal environmental statutes, such as the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA, or Superfund), Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), the Safe Drinking Water Act, the Clean Water Act, or any number of state statutes and local ordinances, depending on the specifics of the site and technology. Because more than one regulation may apply to a given application, it is important that a vendor carefully examine the appropriate rules and coordinate with the state and federal regulatory authorities. These links provide material to assist technology developers to understand the regulatory issues pertinent to the deployment of new technologies.

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