U.S. EPA Contaminated Site Cleanup Information (CLU-IN)

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
U.S. EPA Technology Innovation and Field Services Division

For more information on Thermal Treatment - In Situ, please contact:

Jim Cummings
Technology Assessment Branch

PH: 202-566-0868 | Email:

Thermal Treatment: In Situ

Additional Resources

Effects of Thermal Treatments on the Chemical Reactivity of Trichloroethylene
J. Costanza, J. Mulholland, and K. Pennell.
EPA 600-R07-091, 117 pp, 2007

During experiments conducted to investigate abiotic degradation and reaction product formation of TCE when heated, the amounts of TCE degraded were very small at 120°C (0.01%) and 240°C (6.5%); however, a temperature of 420°C converted as much as 20% of the TCE to carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide.

In Situ Thermal Treatment Conference
June 7, 2000

Thermal energy can be applied to enhance the effectiveness of technologies such as soil vapor extraction and, as a stand-alone technology, can be used to address semi-volatile and non-volatile contaminants not readily amenable to vapor extraction. Recent in situ thermal treatment developments offer the potential for improving effectiveness while reducing the costs of remedial actions. Conference presentations provide practitioners and decision-makers with essential and up-to-date information on this promising remedial approach. The conference included presentations on the principal methods presently employed to heat the subsurface to recover or destroy contaminants, fundamental operating principles, design considerations and limitations, and case studies. Although case studies involve particular technologies and vendors, the purpose is to increase the basic understanding of the capabilities of these innovative approaches to remediation.

Adobe PDF LogoRemediation and Recovery: International In-Situ Thermal Treatment (I2T2) Symposium, May 30-31, 2017, Banff, Alberta, Canada
I2T2 Website, 464 pp, 2017

The goal of the 2-day I2T2 symposium was to share knowledge and experience on in situ thermal remediation and recovery technologies to provide the attendees with an informed and unbiased understanding of how these processes might be useful tools. Fifteen presentations from the meeting are compiled in a large PDF file.

Superfund Remedy Report, Sixteenth Edition
EPA 542-R-20-001, 2020

EPA prepares the Superfund Remedy Report to provide information and analyses on remedies EPA selected to address contamination at Superfund National Priorities List and Superfund Alternative Approach sites. This report is the latest in a series, prepared since 1991, on Superfund remedy selection. The latest edition focuses on the analysis of Superfund remedial actions selected in fiscal years 2015, 2016 and 2017.

The data that forms the basis of the analyses contained in SRR 16th Edition can be found at Superfund Data and Reports by downloading Contaminant of Concern Data for Decision Documents by Media, FY 1982-2017 and Remedy Component Data for Decision Documents by Media, FY 1982-2017.

Technology Innovation News Survey (TINS)

The Technology Innovation News Survey contains market/commercialization information; reports on demonstrations, feasibility studies, and research; and other news relevant to the hazardous waste community interested in technology development. This report is updated every two weeks.

Forced Air Remediation Workshop, 16-17 June 2009, Taipei, Taiwan
U.S. EPA, Office of International Affairs, 2009

EPA's Office of International Affairs Organized the Forced Air Remediation Workshop in Taipei to deliver expert training based on slide presentations to the Environmental Protection Administration in Taiwan. The workshop focused on the correct and effective application of forced-air technologies for the removal of vapor-phase contaminants. The first three training modules discuss technology selection, sampling and monitoring considerations, and how to make the cleanup more environmentally friendly. Five technology-specific modules address applicability, configurations, design considerations and data needs, operating principles, operational strategies, limitations, cross-sections and schematics, and construction and startup/operation.