Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.


We are making some changes to CLU-IN. If you have any feedback or questions, please contact us.

Share |
Connect | Archived Internet Seminars and Podcasts News Feeds (RSS) TechDirect and Newsletters

Green Remediation Focus

Greener Cleanup Metrics

Greener cleanup metrics quantify contributions to the environmental footprint of activities directly involved in cleaning up a contaminated site. EPA developed a set of 14 universal metrics to help stakeholders understand the total amounts of materials, waste, water or energy that are used or generated during the life or particular portion of a cleanup project:

Category Metric Unit of Measure
Refined materials used or conserved tons
Unrefined materials used or conserved tons
Waste Hazardous waste generated or avoided tons
Non-hazardous waste generated or avoided tons
Water Public water used or conserved million gallons
Groundwater used or conserved million gallons
Wastewater generated or avoided million gallons
Other water used or conserved million gallons
Energy Grid electricity used or conserved megawatt hours
Diesel used or conserved for equipment gallons
Diesel used or conserved for transportation gallons
Gasoline used or conserved for equipment gallons
Gasoline used or conserved for transportation gallons
Other energy used or conserved (variable)

The metrics provide an optional means for regulators, private industry and other cleanup partners to collect and track site-specific footprint information across multiple sites in a uniform and transparent manner. On a site-specific level, use of the metrics can help decisionmakers prioritize and select best management practices (BMPs) that could be implemented to minimize the footprint. The metrics may be applied to any type of site cleanup, including ones conducted through Superfund, RCRA or brownfield regulatory programs or voluntary initiatives.

Get the Greener Cleanup Metrics Workbook
Get the Greener Cleanup Metrics Q&As

EPA developed a companion Excel-based Greener Cleanup Metrics Workbook that may be used to document and report each of the 14 metrics for a cleanup project. The needed input typically exists in project planning and implementation documents or supporting records. The output depends on predetermined delineation of the timeframe in which selected activities occur, such as one or more cleanup phases or calendar years. To learn more about the metrics, view the Greener Cleanup Metrics Q&As.

Due to wide variations in cleanup project scopes and regional or local priorities, environmental footprints associated with other core elements of a greener cleanup may be quantified through additional metrics chosen by project stakeholders. Parties interested in quantifying a cleanup project's environmental footprint at a more detailed level may use EPA's Spreadsheets for Environmental Footprint Analysis (SEFA).

Questions about the Greener Cleanup Metrics may be forwarded to: Luci Dunnington, EPA/Office of Land and Emergency Management, or Hilary Thornton, EPA/Region 4.