U.S. EPA Contaminated Site Cleanup Information (CLU-IN)

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
U.S. EPA Technology Innovation and Field Services Division
Renewable Energy Applications

Click on images
below for details

Micro-Scale Units for Monitoring

Mobile Systems

Energy at Remote

Portable Cleanup Units
with Energy Collectors

Windmill for
Powering SVE

Solar Energy Meets
100% of P&T Demand

Grid Tie

Hybrid Wind & Solar System

Hydropower for
Mining Area Cleanup

Energy for Cleanup
and Potential Site

Re-Use of Former
Landfill Area

Expanding Utility-Scale
Systems for Ongoing

Fact sheets, online tools, examples, and general planning reports are available from various federal agencies and partnerships to help project decision-makers integrate sources of renewable energy into assessment and remediation of contaminated sites. As of 2018, alternative energy facilities were located at 59 Superfund sites with a collective installed capacity of about 360 megawatts (MW); an estimated 26% of the projects offset energy demands of cleanup efforts or directly power cleanup activities.

Best Practices

Best Practices for Siting Solar Photovoltaics on Municipal Solid Waste Landfills. U.S. EPA and U.S. DOE/NREL. February 2013.

Best Practices Handbook for the Collection and Use of Solar Resource Data for Solar Energy Applications. U.S. DOE/NREL. NREL/TP-5D00-63112. February 2015.

Green Remediation Best Management Practices: Integrating Renewable Energy into Site Cleanup (PDF) (8 pp, 335.02K). U.S. EPA/OSWER. EPA 542-F-11-006. April 2011.

Tools for Screening and Planning

Cost of Renewable Energy Spreadsheet Tool (CREST), an economic cash flow model to assess projects involving solar, wind, or geothermal technologies, design suitable cost-based incentives, and evaluate the impact of tax incentives or other support structures. U.S. DOE/NREL.

Data and tools for wind, solar, biomass, geothermal, and other energy resources. U.S. DOE/NREL.

Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE). North Carolina Solar Center and the Interstate Renewable Energy Council, U.S.DOE/EERE, and U.S. DOE/NREL.

eGRID, a database on the environmental characteristics of electric power generated in the United States. U.S. EPA.

Power Profiler, an online tool to estimate air emissions associated with electricity consumption in a given zip-code area, based on the fuel mix used by the electricity provider. U.S. EPA.

PVWatts™, an online calculator to determine energy production and cost savings of grid-connected photovoltaic energy systems. U.S. DOE/NREL.

RE-Powering Mapper, an online tool providing preliminary screening results on renewable energy potential at contaminated lands, landfills, and mine sites tracked by the U.S. EPA and select state agencies. U.S. EPA.

RETScreen clean energy project management software. Natural Resources Canada.

Siting a Project, an overview of factors such as wind resource and compatibility of land/area, environmental impacts and community input. American Wind Energy Association.

Site-Specific Examples

Alternative Energy at Superfund Sites. U.S. EPA Superfund Redevelopment Initiative.

Alternative Energy: From a Toxic Past to a Renewable Future. U.S. EPA Superfund Redevelopment. 2012. video icon

Green Remediation and the Use of Renewable Energy Sources for Remediation Projects (PDF) (55 pp, 627.96K). Amanda Dellens, EPA/OSWER fellowship. August 2007.

Groundwater Remediation Powered by a Renewable Energy Source (PDF) (72 pp, 2.5MB). Curt Elmore and Ron Gallagher, Missouri University of Science and Technology (formerly University of Missouri-Rolla). September 2005.

Technology News and Trends, highlighting site remediation projects with onsite renewable energy systems. U.S. EPA/OSWER. Issue No. 47: EPA 542-N-10-002. April 2010.

Technology News and Trends, highlighting green remediation strategies including use of renewable energy sources to power treatment systems. U.S. EPA/OSWER. Issue No. 36: EPA 542-N-08-003. May 2008.

Technology News and Trends, highlighting site remediation projects with onsite renewable energy systems. U.S. EPA/OSWER. Issue No. 30: EPA 542-N-06-009. May 2007.

Related Planning Reports

CHP Project Profiles Database containing more than 130 project profiles with details such as facility peak load, fuel type and total efficiency. Better Buildings. U.S DOE.

Distributed Generation Energy Technology Capital Costs, a series of annually updated charts indicating recent capital and operation and maintenance costs for grid-renewable energy systems of various size ranges. U.S. DOE/NREL Energy Analysis.

Liability Reference Guide for Siting Renewable Energy on Contaminated Properties. U.S. EPA. July 2014.

Solar Power Installations on Closed Landfills: Technical and Regulatory Considerations (PDF) (36 pp, 1.16MB). Gabriel Sampson, U.S. EPA/OSWER fellowship. September 2009.

Superfund Landfill Methane-to-Energy Pilot Project (PDF) (143 pp, 7.51MB). U.S. EPA/OSWER Office of Superfund Remediation and Technology Innovation. OSWER 9200.081. December 2010.

Waste Not, Want Not: Analyzing the Economic and Environmental Viability of Waste-to-Energy (WTE) Technology for Site-Specific Optimization of Renewable Energy Options. U.S. DOE/NREL. Technical Report NREL/TP-6A50-52829. February 2013.

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