U.S. EPA Contaminated Site Cleanup Information (CLU-IN)


U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
U.S. EPA Technology Innovation and Field Services Division

For more information on Optimization, please contact:

Kirby Biggs
Technology Integration and Information Branch

PH: (703) 823-3081 | Email: biggs.kirby@epa.gov



Overview

Key Optimization Components:  Remedy Components

Key Optimization Components Key Optimization Components Remedy Components Remedy components are typically considered to be a remedy's engineered and constructed equipment and processes such as groundwater, non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL) and vapor extraction wells, groundwater and air injection wells, individual water and air treatment system technologies, reagent injection equipment and electrical control systems. Remedy components also include engineering controls (EC) and institutional controls (IC), each of which can play important roles in ensuring remedy effectiveness. In addition to evaluating the a remedy's overall performance and efficiency, optimization reviews analyze the performance, applicability, efficiency and cost-effectiveness of each major remedy component. Reviews commonly include the performing an environmental footprint analysis of remedy components as a green remediation best management practice.

Selected Resources

Click on a column heading to sort the table. Search for additional publications or resources by keyword or topic using the Search page.

  Title Document Number Type Date
Web CLU-IN Website - Green Remediation Focus: Profiles & Case Studies of Green Remediation N/A Case Studies 2013
PDF Cost and Performance Report for LNAPL Characterization and Remediation: Multi-Phase Extraction and Dual-Pump Recovery of LNAPL at the BP Former Amoco Refinery, Sugar Creek, MO EPA 542-R-05-016 Case Studies 2005
PDF Cost and Performance Summary Report, In Situ Biosolids and Lime Addition at the California Gulch Superfund Site, OU 11, Leadville, Colorado Links to a website outside of Clu-In N/A Case Studies 2005
PDF Evaluation of Subsurface Engineered Barriers at Waste Sites EPA 542-R-98-005 Case Studies 1998
PDF Field Applications of In Situ Remediation Technologies: Permeable Reactive Barriers N/A Case Studies 2002
PDF A Cost Comparison Framework for Use in Optimizing Ground Water Pump and Treat Systems EPA 542-R-07-005 Factsheet 2007
PDF Green Remediation Best Management Practices: Bioremediation EPA 542-F-10-006 Factsheet 2010
PDF Green Remediation Best Management Practices: Clean Fuel & Emission Technologies for Site Cleanup Links to a website outside of Clu-In EPA 542-F-10-008 Factsheet 2010
PDF Green Remediation Best Management Practices: Site Investigation EPA 542-F-09-004 Factsheet 2009
PDF Green Remediation Best Management Practices: Sites with Leaking Underground Storage Tank Systems EPA 542-F-11-008 Factsheet 2011
PDF Green Remediation Best Management Practices: Soil Vapor Extraction & Air Sparging EPA 542-F-10-007 Factsheet 2010
PDF Green Remediation Best Management Practices: Integrating Renewable Energy into Site Cleanup Links to a website outside of Clu-In EPA 542-F-11-006 Factsheet 2011
PDF Green Remediation Best Management Practices: Pump and Treat Technologies Links to a website outside of Clu-In EPA 542-F-09-005 Factsheet 2009
PDF Green Remediation: Best Management Practices for Excavation and Surface Restoration EPA 542-F-08-012 Factsheet 2008
PDF Green Remediation: Incorporating Sustainable Environmental Practices into Remediation of Contaminated Sites Links to a website outside of Clu-In EPA 542-R-08-002 Factsheet 2008
PDF Incorporating Sustainable Practices into Site Remediation Links to a website outside of Clu-In EPA 542-F-08-002 Factsheet 2008
PDF Assessment of Environmental Liability Insurance Options for Cleanup Activities Links to a website outside of Clu-In N/A General Publication 1999
PDF Incorporating Greener Cleanups into Remedy Reviews Links to a website outside of Clu-In N/A General Publication 2009
PDF Recover Your Resources: Reduce, Reuse and Recycle Construction and Demolition Materials at Land Revitalization Projects Links to a website outside of Clu-In EPA 560-F-09-523 General Publication 2009
Web Vapor Intrusion Mitigated Through Solar-Powered Exhaust Systems Links to a website outside of Clu-In N/A General Publication 2009
PDF Options for Discharging Treated Water from Pump and Treat Systems Links to a website outside of Clu-In EPA 542-R-07-006 Guidance 2007
PDF Protocol for In Situ Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents Using Edible Oil N/A Guidance 2007
Web Superfund Website - Design Guidelines for Conventional Pump and Treat Systems Links to a website outside of Clu-In EPA 540-S-97-504 Guidance 1997
Web Superfund Website - Post Construction Completion Links to a website outside of Clu-In N/A Guidance 2013
Web Brownfields Road Map Website - Treatment Technologies Links to a website outside of Clu-In N/A Online Resources
Web CLU-IN Website - Green Remediation Focus: Footprint Assessment N/A Online Resources 2013
Web CLU-IN Website - Technologies - Remediation N/A Online Resources
Web NAVFAC Website - Green and Sustainable Remediation Links to a website outside of Clu-In N/A Online Resources
Web OSWER Website - Principles for Greener Cleanups Links to a website outside of Clu-In N/A Online Resources 2012
Web Superfund Website - Remediation Technologies Tools and Resources to Assist in Contaminated Site Remediation Links to a website outside of Clu-In N/A Online Resources
Web Superfund Website - Superfund & Green Remediation Links to a website outside of Clu-In N/A Online Resources 2014
PDF A Regulatory Overview of Plasma Technology Links to a website outside of Clu-In ITRC PT-1 Technical Publication 1996
PDF Analysis of Selected Enhancements for Soil Vapor Extraction Links to a website outside of Clu-In EPA 542-R-97-007 Technical Publication 1997
PDF Bioremediation of Acid Mine Drainage Using Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria N/A Technical Publication 2006
PDF Bioremediation of Arsenic, Chromium, Lead, and Mercury N/A Technical Publication 2004
PDF Development of Performance Specifications for Solidification/Stabilization Links to a website outside of Clu-In ITRC SS-1 Technical Publication 2011
PDF Emerging Technologies for Enhanced In Situ Biodenitrification (EISBD) of Nitrate-Contaminated Ground Water Links to a website outside of Clu-In ITRC EISBD-1 Technical Publication 2000
PDF Emerging Technologies for the In Situ Remediation of PCB-Contaminated Soils and Sediments: Bioremediation and Nanoscale Zero-Valent Iron N/A Technical Publication 2004
PDF Engineering Issue - Indoor Air Vapor Intrusion Mitigation Approaches EPA 600-R-08-115 Technical Publication 2008
PDF Evaluating LNAPL Remedial Technologies for Achieving Project Goals Links to a website outside of Clu-In ITRC LNAPL-2 Technical Publication 2009
PDF Evaluation of Phytoremediation for Management of Chlorinated Solvents in Soil and Groundwater Links to a website outside of Clu-In EPA 542-R-05-001 Technical Publication 2005
PDF In Situ Bioremediation of Chlorinated Ethene: DNAPL Source Zones Links to a website outside of Clu-In ITRC BIODNAPL-3 Technical Publication 2008
PDF In Situ Bioremediation of DNAPL Source Zones N/A Technical Publication 2005
PDF In Situ Thermal Treatment of Chlorinated Solvents: Fundamentals and Field Applications EPA 542-R-04-010 Technical Publication 2004
PDF In Situ Treatment Technologies for Contaminated Soil: Engineering Forum Issue Paper EPA 542-F-06-013 Technical Publication 2006
PDF Introduction to Phytoremediation EPA 600-R-99-107 Technical Publication 2000
PDF Off-Gas Treatment Technologies for Soil Vapor Extraction Systems: State of the Practice EPA 542-R-05-028 Technical Publication 2006
PDF Permeable Reactive Barrier: Technology Update Links to a website outside of Clu-In ITRC PRB-5 Technical Publication 2011
PDF Phytoremediation Field Studies Database for Chlorinated Solvents, Pesticides, Explosives, and Metals N/A Technical Publication 2004
PDF Phytoremediation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons N/A Technical Publication 2006
PDF Phytotechnology Technical and Regulatory Guidance and Decision Trees, Revised Links to a website outside of Clu-In ITRC PHYTO-3 Technical Publication 2009
PDF Regulatory Guidance for Permeable Reactive Barriers Designed to Remediate Chlorinated Solvents Links to a website outside of Clu-In ITRC PBW-1 Technical Publication 1999
PDF Solar Power Installations on Closed Landfills: Technical and Regulatory Considerations N/A Technical Publication 2009
PDF Status Report on Innovative In Situ Remediation Technologies Available to Treat Perchlorate-Contaminated Groundwater N/A Technical Publication 2006
PDF Survey of Technologies for Monitoring Containment Liners and Covers Links to a website outside of Clu-In EPA 542-R-04-013 Technical Publication 2004
PDF Technical and Regulatory Guidance for In Situ Chemical Oxidation of Contaminated Soil and Groundwater, Second Edition Links to a website outside of Clu-In ITRC ISCO-2 Technical Publication 2005
PDF Technical and Regulatory Guidance for Surfactant/Cosolvent Flushing of DNAPL Source Zones Links to a website outside of Clu-In ITRC DNAPLs-3 Technical Publication 2003
PDF Technical Guidelines for On-Site Thermal Desorption of Solid Media and Low Level Mixed Waste Contaminated with Mercury and/or Hazardous Chlorinated Organics Links to a website outside of Clu-In ITRC TD-3 Technical Publication 1998
PDF Technical Requirements for On-Site Thermal Desorption of Solid Media Contaminated with Hazardous Chlorinated Organics Links to a website outside of Clu-In ITRC TD-2 Technical Publication 1997
PDF Technical Requirements for On-Site Low Temperature Thermal Treatment of Non-Hazardous Soils Contaminated with Petroleum / Coal Tar / Gas Plant Wastes Links to a website outside of Clu-In ITRC TD-1 Technical Publication 1996
PDF Technology Overview of Passive Sampler Technologies Links to a website outside of Clu-In ITRC DSP-4 Technical Publication 2006
PDF Technology Performance Review: Selecting and Using Solidification/Stabilization Treatment for Site Remediation Links to a website outside of Clu-In EPA 600-R-09-148 Technical Publication 2009
PDF The Use and Effectiveness of Phytoremediation to Treat Persistent Organic Pollutants N/A Technical Publication 2005
PDF The Use of Soil Amendments for Remediation, Revitalization, and Reuse EPA 542-R-07-013 Technical Publication 2007
PDF Use of Field-Scale Phytotechnology for Chlorinated Solvents Metals Explosives and Propellants and Pesticides: Status Report Links to a website outside of Clu-In EPA 542-R-05-002 Technical Publication 2005
PDF Using Biosolids for Reclamation/Remediation of Disturbed Soils Links to a website outside of Clu-In N/A Technical Publication
Web FRTR Website - Remediation Technologies Screening Matrix and Reference Guide, Version 4.0 Links to a website outside of Clu-In N/A Tool

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